Harry Briggs, Jr., et al v. R. W. Elliott, Chairman, J. D. Carson and George Kennedy, Members of Board of Trustees of School District #22, Clarendon County, S.C., et al.
Library/Archives Contact InformationIntellectual Property
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|Supporting documents received?||No|
Collection IS Processed
|Ownership?||In the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration, Southeast Region|
|What are the collection access restrictions?||No restrictions|
|What are the reproduction rights?||The records are in the public domain and may be copied freely.|
|Conditions of use?||See NARA Research Room Regulations|
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|% of Collection Processed||100%|
|% of Collection Related to Project?||100%|
|MARC Record for the collection?||No|
|What kind of Finding Aid is available?||Not available|
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Unbound paper records
This court case concerns twenty-one African Americans from Clarendon County, South Carolina, who filed suit against school officials on behalf of their children in 1950. They sought better schools--equal educational facilities, curricula, equipment, and opportunities equal to those provided for white children. The United States District Court ruled that the schools attended by African American children were inferior to the white schools,and they ordered the school system to equalize the facilities. Because the children were denied admission to white schools during the period of upgrading the schools, the case was appealed to the Supreme Court.
Briggs v. Elliott is one of five separate cases heard concurrently by the United States Supreme Court under the collective title Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, et al. The Supreme Court's landmark 1954 ruling, which reversed the "separate but equal" precedent set by the Court in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, said that state-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th Amendment and was therefore unconstitutional.
Among the attorneys representing the plaintiffs in the Briggs case was Thurgood Marshall, general counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Legal Defense and Education Fund.
This case is from the Records of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of South Carolina, Charleston Division, Case File CV-2657 (1950). It is part of Record Group 21, Records of the District Courts of the United States.
See also National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm Publication M1954: Appellate Jurisdiction: Case Files of Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al., no. 1 to 5 October term. 3 rolls; 35mm.
|Estimate quantity?||0.43 Cubic feet|
|Actual number of pages||0|
|Date Range of Produced?||1950 to 19?|
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