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National Archives and Records Administration, Southeast Region
Harry Briggs, Jr., et al v. R. W. Elliott, Chairman, J. D. Carson and George Kennedy, Members of Board of Trustees of School District #22, Clarendon County, S.C., et al.
PeopleNo people associated with this collection.
EventsBrown vs. Board of Education, desegregation (integration), integration (desegregation), school integration (desegregation)
OrganizationsNAACP Legal Defense Fund, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
LocationsNo locations associated with this collection.
Supporting documents received?No
Library/Archives Contact Information
Address:1557 St. Joseph Avenue
City:East Point
Intellectual Property
Ownership?In the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration, Southeast Region
What are the collection access restrictions?No restrictions
What are the reproduction rights?The records are in the public domain and may be copied freely.
Conditions of use?See NARA Research Room Regulations
Collection IS Processed
% of Collection Processed100%
% of Collection Related to Project?100%
MARC Record for the collection?No
What kind of Finding Aid is available?Not available
Collection NOT Processed
What is the overall quantity?
Date Range of contentsN/A
What are the known formats?
When do you plan to process?
Comments on the Collection

This court case concerns twenty-one African Americans from Clarendon County, South Carolina, who filed suit against school officials on behalf of their children in 1950. They sought better schools--equal educational facilities, curricula, equipment, and opportunities equal to those provided for white children. The United States District Court ruled that the schools attended by African American children were inferior to the white schools,and they ordered the school system to equalize the facilities. Because the children were denied admission to white schools during the period of upgrading the schools, the case was appealed to the Supreme Court. Briggs v. Elliott is one of five separate cases heard concurrently by the United States Supreme Court under the collective title Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, et al. The Supreme Court's landmark 1954 ruling, which reversed the "separate but equal" precedent set by the Court in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, said that state-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th Amendment and was therefore unconstitutional. Among the attorneys representing the plaintiffs in the Briggs case was Thurgood Marshall, general counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Legal Defense and Education Fund. This case is from the Records of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of South Carolina, Charleston Division, Case File CV-2657 (1950). It is part of Record Group 21, Records of the District Courts of the United States. See also National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm Publication M1954: Appellate Jurisdiction: Case Files of Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al., no. 1 to 5 October term. 3 rolls; 35mm.

Unbound paper records
Estimate quantity?0.43 Cubic feet
Actual number of pages0
Date Range of Produced?1950 to 19?

% of Manuscript0
% of Typescript0
% in Color0
% larger than legal size0
% Brittle0
% Torn0
% Microfilmed0

% Digitized0
% Full-Text0
% Image files0
Image formatNULL